Signs and symptoms of poor circulation in feet and treatment the body’s circulatory system is responsible for sending blood, oxygen, and nutrients to every part of your body. Poor circulation is when blood flow to a specific part of your body is reduced. Poor circulation is most common in the leg and arm region. Several conditions including diabetes, obesity, heart conditions, and arterial problems can lead to poor circulation.
Symptoms of poor circulation in feet
Poor circulation in feet, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment results from other health issues or conditions. Each condition that led to poor circulation can cause unique symptoms. The most common symptoms of poor circulation include:
- Throbbing or stinging pain
- Muscle cramps
- Coldness in your feet
- Weak or loss of pulse in your feet
Causes of poor circulation in feet
There are several different causes and health conditions that can lead to poor circulation in your feet. These include:
The normal blood is liquid, but when the blood forms into a gel-like form, this condition is known as blood clot. Blood clots can totally or partially block the flow of blood. When blood clots happen in your feet, it can lead to circulation problems in your feet. Blood clots can be dangerous and can happen for a number of reasons.
Peripheral artery disease
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the narrowing of blood vessels and arteries which lead to the reduction of blood flow to your feet. When this condition occurs, the amount of blood the flows to your feet will be reduced, leading to poor circulation.
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar is too high. Diabetes causes different kinds of medical conditions and can also cause poor circulation in your feet. Diabetic neuropathy can cause reduced sensation in your extremities; hence you may not detect early signs of poor circulation in your feet.
Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, and twisting veins that commonly appear at the back of the leg and feet. Varicose veins are caused by valve failure. Varicose veins can’t move blood as efficiently as other veins, leading to poor circulation.
Obesity is being overweight. When you’re overweight, you out a lot of pressure on your body and feet. This can affect the circulation of blood to your feet. Obesity can increase your risk of varicose veins and blood vessel problems.
Raynaud’s disease occurs when smaller arteries that supply blood constrict excessively due to cold. People who experience frequent chronic cold in their feet or live in extremely cold environments may have poor circulation in their feet due to this disease.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure can damage the arteries which can lead to poor circulation.
Diagnosis for poor circulation in feet
Some people may not feel or see any signs or symptoms of poor circulation. Also, several factors and health conditions can cause poor circulation. It is important that you undergo diagnosis for poor circulation if you suspect that you may be at risk of this condition.
During diagnosis, your doctor will review your family and medical history to access your risk factors. Your doctor may also conduct physical examinations to detect for pain and inflammation. Your doctor may also recommend an antibody blood test to detect any inflammatory conditions. You may also undergo other blood tests such as:
- Blood sugar test for diabetes
- Blood test for high levels of D dimer in the case of a blood clot
- Blood pressure tests
You may also undergo an ultrasound or CT scan. This will help your doctor to view the internal structures of your feet for any abnormalities or issues.
Treatment of poor circulation in the feet
Signs and symptoms of poor circulation in feet and treatment option for poor circulation depends on the condition causing it. Treating the condition that causes poor circulation will improve circulation in your feet.
There are a number of common ways you can improve poor circulation. One easy way you can improve the condition is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. These include:
Engaging in regular exercises for at least 30 minutes every day can help improve circulation in your feet. If you sit or stand in a position for a long time, it is very important for you to engage in regular exercises to aid the flow of blood and other nutritional contents in your body. Your doctor may also recommend special exercises that can help increase circulation.
Massaging your feet
You can also improve circulation by massaging your feet to stimulate the flow of blood. You can massage your feet by yourself or visit a spa for professional massage.
Wearing compression socks
Wearing compression socks can help improve blood circulation. It is specifically beneficial for people with swollen and painful feet.
Practice healthy feet hygiene
Taking proper care of your feet and following a healthy lifestyle can help prevent conditions leading to poor circulation. If you have any condition that could lead to poor circulation, ensure to treat the condition early enough before it gets worse. Do not wear very tight-fitted shoes. Always wear good-fitting shoes that will allow free circulation in your feet.
Eat diets rich in vitamins
Healthy diets rich in vitamin C, E, B, and Omega-3 can help improve circulation. They help to increase oxygen levels, which increases blood flow in your body and feet.
Medications such as blood-thinners, clot-dissolving drugs, insulin, calcium channel blockers, and alpha blockers can be used for the treatment of poor circulation depending on the cause of poor circulation.