Podiatric Surgeons and List of Treatments and Surgeries Done by Podiatric Surgeons is a podiatrist who has undertaken extensive post-graduate training in foot surgery and is therefore equipped with the knowledge and skills to perform surgical procedures for varieties of foot and ankle disorders.
Podiatric surgery is a specialist field of study in the practice of podiatry. Podiatric surgeons are experts in foot health. They are trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of general medical conditions within the foot and lower legs.
Podiatric surgeons are non-medically qualified specialists in the treatment of all foot and lower leg problems. They utilize both non-surgical and surgical treatment methods for the foot and lower leg problems.
Podiatric Surgeons are not medical doctors. They are independent clinicians and specialists in the field of foot surgery. Just as dentists are specialists for the teeth, podiatric surgeons are specialists for the foot. Podiatric Surgeons highly specialize only in operating on the foot.
Training to become a podiatric surgeon
A podiatric surgeon is specifically trained to assess, diagnose, treat, and manage foot and lower leg disorders. A podiatric surgeon undergoes extensive postgraduate training to have the knowledge and skills to perform foot surgery.
The training involves:
- 3-4 year university degree in Podiatric Medicine
- 3 year MSc in the Theory of Podiatric Surgery and assessment of Professional Skills
- 3 Year Consultant Supervised as a podiatric surgical trainee
- 2 years of general Podiatric Practice
- 2 years of of primary fellowship – Postgraduate Certificate in Podiatry and Final Fellowship examination
- 3 years of specialist training to consolidate surgical skills
- Accreditation with the Faculty of Podiatric Surgery as a Consultant Podiatric Surgeon
List of treatments and surgeries done by podiatric surgeons
Podiatric surgeons perform a variety of treatments and surgical procedures to address a wide range of foot, ankle, and lower leg problems.
Treatments provided by podiatric surgeons include:
- Skin or nail infection treatment
- Lower leg wound care
- Ulcers treatment and management
- Artery disease treatment
- Corrective orthotics
- Flexible casts
- Foot prosthetics
- Foot infection treatment
- Heel pain treatment
- Foot ligament or muscle pain treatment
Surgical procedures that podiatric surgeons perform include:
Foot and ankle surgical procedures
Podiatric surgeons perform surgery on the foot and ankle. Foot and ankle surgeries address a wide range of foot problems such as:
- Sprains and fractures
- Arthritis and joint disease
- Benign and malignant tumors
- Birth deformities
- Calluses and warts
- Heel or toe spurs
- Neuromas or nerve tumors
Podiatric surgeons perform these surgeries according to the specific foot problem. Many foot and ankle surgeries can either be performed in the surgeon’s office or surgical center.
Achilles surgery is a surgical procedure performed by podiatric surgeons to repair a torn or ruptured Achilles’ tendon. This surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis using a local anesthetic. During the surgery, an incision is made at the back of the leg above the heel so that the surgeon can access the torn or ruptured Achilles tendon. The surgeon will then sew the torn tendon together.
There are many causes of heel pain and problems that could require surgery. Two common conditions that usually cause podiatric surgeons to perform heel surgery are plantar fasciitis and heel spurs. The inflammation of the plantar fascia is known as plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue in the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes. A bony growth that develops around the heel bone is known as heel spur
A surgical procedure known as osteotomy is a common heel surgery performed to alleviate pressure and prevent the formation of a heel callus.
An abnormality of a nerve that has been damaged by trauma or due to an abnormality of the foot is known as a neuroma. Neuroma can lead to pinched and inflamed nerve.
Podiatric surgeons perform nerve surgeries in cases of chronic nerve pain from neuromas.
Arthritis is a common complaint by most people, especially older people. Most patients that undergo surgery to correct arthritis in the foot are often diabetic and have a type of arthritis known as Charcot Foot.
About one-third of diabetic patients develop a Charcot Foot in both feet and/or ankles. The bones in the foot and/or ankle can suddenly and spontaneously fracture and fragment, which can cause a severe deformity.
The severe and chronic deformity often requires surgery.
Surgical procedures that may be performed include:
Hindfoot and ankle realignment
In this surgery, different types of internal fixation are placed within the foot and ankle to realign it.
During a midfoot realignment, different types of internal fixation are placed within the foot to realign it.
Ostectomy is a procedure that involves the removal of bones to alleviate pressure.
Cyst removal surgery
Podiatric surgeons also perform Ganglion masses or cysts removal surgery. During a cyst removal surgery, the cyst is dissected from the surrounding soft tissues and removed.
Lower extremity amputations
Lower extremity amputation is the surgical removal of the lower leg or foot. It is the last resort when the foot is severely damaged or infected. If no treatment or surgical procedure is able to address the situation, the lower leg or foot may be amputated to prevent the disease or infection from spreading to other parts of the body.