Foot Pain Causes, Symptoms, Treatment in Dallas, Plano & Prosper Tx
The foot is a complex anatomical structure that could be affected by disease within the body or at the foot itself. The arches of the foot are the essential structures that control the measure of ground force transmitted into the body.
Foot pain can be caused by several factors and conditions. Foot pain may be mild or severe pain depending on the cause of the pain. When the pain you feel hinders your normal daily activities or prevent you from walking, you should seek medical help.
The foot contains bone and joint, tendon, muscle, ligament, nerve, veins, skin, and delicate tissue structures. When any of these structures are affected or diseased, it could lead to foot pain.
Causes of foot pain
Foot pain may be caused by several different conditions and diseases. It may also be caused by injuries and wearing improper footwear. Overuse of the foot can also lead to foot pain. Patients with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing foot pain.
Other causes of foot pain include:
- Achilles tendinitis
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Avulsion fracture
- Bone spurs
- Broken foot
- Broken toe
- Corns and calluses
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Haglund’s deformity
- Hammertoe and mallet toe
- High heels or poorly fitting shoes
- Ingrown toenails
- Morton’s neuroma
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Plantar fasciitis
- Plantar warts
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Raynaud’s disease
- Reactive arthritis
- Retrocalcaneal bursitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- Stress fractures
- Ligament strains
- Muscle strains
- Sport injuries
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Trauma from an acute injury
Symptoms of foot pain
Pain and tenderness in the foot are indicators that something is wrong. Swelling, redness, bruising, numbness, tingling, and shooting pains may also be present and felt in the injured area.
The bones of the foot are joined together by ligaments. A sprain happens when the ligaments that hold the bones together are overstretched and the fibers are torn. Point tenderness and detachment of a joint can be markers of a sprain. Tendon damage is frequently joined by a feeling of instability when exercising or walking.
Damage to the bones of the foot can be brought about by a single blow or twist to the arch. It could also be as a result of repetitive trauma resulting in stress fracture. Fracture may also be combined by the dislocation of the joints. In such conditions, the joint alignments are disrupted and also a break in the bone. Common causes of post-traumatic arthritis are fracture and dislocation.
Muscles and tendons allow the foot to move in different directions. A strain happens when a muscle or group of muscles are stressed to the extent where the muscle fibers begin to tear. The muscles and tendons of the foot might be stressed by overstretching, overuse, over-burdening, bruising, or lacerated.
Weakness or difficulty in the contraction of a joint, difficulty in stabilizing the body, and pain when walking are indications of muscle problems. Swelling, tenderness, loss of capacity, and discoloration of the skin can be indications of a strain.
The foot could be bruised when someone steps on your foot, a heavy object falls on your foot, or by any direct impact to the foot. Direct impact of heavy objects on your foot may cause bone fracture and other internal leg injuries leading to foot pain.
When you feel a rubbing or burning sensation on the surface of your foot, it is usually an indication of a blister. Feeling of itching and burning sensations between your toes and around the foot may indicate a skin infection or athlete’s foot. Feeling of pain and redness at the tip of your toenail may be as a result of an ingrown toenail.
During diagnosis, the doctor will ask you a few questions to ascertain how the foot pain started. Your medical history may also be reviewed. It very well may be useful to enlighten the doctor concerning how and when it began, the severity of the pain, when it pains you the most, and other necessary information.
Your doctor may conduct a physical examination of the affected area to know how much you feel pain.
- Feet will be visually and physically examined when you at in a position, with weight-and non-weight-bearing movement.
- The foot and arch will be manipulated and the doctor will use his/her hand to examine the foot for tenderness or swelling.
- The doctor will examine the foot for any deformities or differences in the bones of the foot and curve.
- The doctor will look at how the muscles of your foot works. These tests may include holding or moving your foot and ankle in different directions. You may likewise be asked to stand, walk, or run.
- The skin will be investigated for any indications of physical bruising or infection.
- The nerves in the foot will be observed and tested to ensure no damage has happened there.
- Imaging tests such as X-ray, MRI, or bone scan of the foot and arch may be conducted to view the bones to decide whether there are any bone fractures or abnormalities.
- Blood tests may be conducted to check if there are any traces of rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes or gout.
There are a lot of treatment options for foot pain. The kind of treatment which your doctor will use depends on the cause and the severity of the pain.
Common treatment options for foot pain include:
RICE – RICE means Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Rice is a home remedy treatment option of mild foot pain.
Resting allows the tissues in the foot to heal by preventing further stress or strain. If you have difficulty in standing or moving due to the weight exerted on the leg, you should use crutches to support yourself to alleviate weight from being exerted on the leg. You can also use ankles and foot supports to support the affected area.
Applying ice packs to the affected area helps to reduce inflammation or swelling. It also helps to numb or relieve pain. Always wrap the ice packs in a towel before placing it on the affected area. Ice should not be placed for more than 20 minutes at a time. Discontinue the use of ice if you are experiencing extreme discomfort.
The use of compression stockings or materials helps to reduce inflammation.
Elevating the foot higher than the level of your heart helps to reduce pain and improve blood circulation.
Medication – There are two types of over-the-counter medications that are commonly used for the treatment of foot pain and to reduce swelling. They are Acetaminophen (Tylenol), which helps to reduce the pain and Over-the-counter pain killers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin), or naproxen (Naprosyn, which helps to reduce pain and inflammation.
You should always be cautious when using these anti-inflammatory medications. You should not exceed the dosage as stated on the labeled direction or by the pharmacist. If you have a history of stomach ulcer or acid reflux, you should consult you should doctor first before taking these medications.
Corrective prophylactic measures – Wearing appropriate and comfortable footwear helps to alleviate and prevent foot pain. Wear shoes with appropriate insoles and proper fittings. Avoid going barefoot and maintain and healthy hygiene at all times.
Physical therapy – Physical therapies or exercises may be recommended to increase the strength and stability of the affected area. Modifications of physical activities may be prescribed to alleviate pressure from the foot. Substitute activities that aggravate the pain and soreness for lesser strenuous and low-impact activities.
Physical activities such as running or jugging causes the body to have repetitive high-impact with the ground. You can substitute running for cycling or swimming. Low-impact activities minimize stress and pressure from the foot, prevent foot pain and also help keep your physical fitness and wellbeing.
Medical therapies – Electrical medical devices such as ultrasound, various forms of electrical stimulation, LED light therapy (laser), and other manual therapies may be used to reduce pain and increase the circulation of blood to the affected area to promote healing.