Wound Care

Sports Injuries Treatment

Sports Injuries Treatment

Posted On: January 28, 2021

Here discuss about Sports Injuries Treatment : Sports injuries are injuries that occur during exercises and sporting activities.

Though sports injuries occur in adults, they are more common in younger adults and children. According to Stanford Children’s Health, more than 3.5 million children and teenagers are injured during sporting activities each year.

A 2016 study found that about 8.6 million people between the ages of 5 to 24 have a sports injury every year in the United States.

Sports that commonly cause sports injuries are contact sports such as football, basketball ball, baseball, etc.

Types of sports injuries

Types of sports injuries

Common types of sports injuries include:

  • Sprains

When the ligaments are overstretched or torn, it results in a sprain. Sprain is a common sports injury that can occur when running during sporting activities.

  • Strains

When the muscles or tendons are overstretched or torn, it results in a strain.

  • Knee injuries

Injuries to the knee including overstretching or tearing in the muscles or tissues in the knee.

  • Swollen muscles

An injury to the muscles can result in swollen muscles. Swollen muscles can be painful and prevent you from playing sports.

  • Achilles tendon rupture

The thin, powerful tendon at the back of your ankle is known as Achilles’ tendon. This tendon can break or rupture during sports, causing sudden, severe pain and difficulty walking.

  • Fractures

Bone fracture is known as broken bones. This is a serious sports injury that can occur when playing contact sports. Bone fracture can occur when you hit your leg, hand or head against a hard object.

  • Dislocations

Dislocation is when a bone is forced out of its socket. Dislocation can cause serious pain and prevent you from playing sports for a long time.

  • Rotator cuff injury

The rotator cuff connects your shoulder with your arm and keeps your shoulder moving in all directions. An injury to the rotator cuff can be very painful and impair the usage of your shoulder and arm.

Causes of sports injuries

Causes of sports injuries

Though sports injuries can occur suddenly, there are certain factors that can cause sports injuries.

These include:

  • Accident such as a fall, heavy blow, or hitting your leg against a hard object.
  • Not warming up properly before engaging in sports
  • Using inappropriate equipment or poor technique when playing sports
  • Pushing yourself too hard when playing sports

Symptoms of sport injuries

You may experience immediate pain, tenderness, bruising, or restricted movement in the affected area if you get injured during sports. Sometimes, you may not experience any of these immediately. It could take some hours before you start to experience these symptoms. The pain may increase for some hours and start to reduce depending on the severity of the injury.

Other symptoms include:

  • Visible lumps, or bumps
  • Popping or crunching sounds during movements
  • Weakness or inability to put weight on your leg
  • Visible bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Fever

If you are injured, you will likely not be able to continue with your sports. It is best to stop playing so that you don’t worsen the injury.

Sports injuries treatment

There are different treatment options for sports injuries depending on the severity of the injury and the area where the injury occurred.

Treatment includes:

RICE

The RICE method is a common home care treatment for sports injuries. RICE stands for:

Rest

Ice

Compression

Elevation

Resting for some hours or days after an injury can help make recovery faster. When you are injured during sports, the first action to take is to stop the sports and rest.

  • Ice

Applying ice to the injured area helps to reduce pain and swelling. If you have a strain or sprain, applying ice can be very beneficial.

  • Compression

Compressing an injured area can help reduce pain and swelling. You can use a compression stocking to compress the area to facilitate quick healing.

  • Elevation

Elevating your injured leg above the level of your head can help reduce pain. Taking pressure off your injured leg is a way to reduce pain and make the injured area heal faster.

  • Over-the-counter pain medications

Over-the-counter pain medications such as paracetamol, acetaminophen or ibuprofen will be given to reduce pain.

  • Prescription pain medications

If over-the-counter pain medications are not effective, your doctor may prescribe pain medications such as opioids for severe pain.

  • Corticosteroids

Corticosteroid injection may be used to stop severe pain if OTC medications or prescription medications are not effective.

Specific treatments

Specific treatments

You may undergo specific treatment depending on the type of sports injury that you have. The treatment you will have for sprain and strain is not the type of treatment you will have for bone dislocation or bone fracture. Your doctor will provide treatment depending on the severity of the injury.

Treatment for bone fracture and dislocation

If you have bone fracture and dislocation, more intensive treatments are required.

Treatment for bone fracture and dislocation include:

  • Setting the leg 

Your doctor will evaluate your injury and immobilize your leg with a splint. If you have a bone dislocation, your doctor may need to manipulate the bone back into its proper position before applying a splint.

  • Immobilization 

Immobilization means restricting the movement of a broken bone. It is important to restrict the movement of a broken bone to allow proper healing. Your doctor may use a splint or a cast to immobilize the broken bone. During your recovery, you may need to use crutches or a cane to keep weight off the affected leg.

  • Therapy

When you recover and your cast or splint is removed, you’ll likely need rehabilitation therapy to reduce stiffness and restore movement in your leg. Rehabilitation can help to restore flexibility and movements in your leg. Rehabilitation can take several weeks or months.

  • Surgery

Surgery may be needed to implant internal fixation devices, such as plates, rods or screws in broken bones. These are done to maintain proper positioning of your bones during healing.

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