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Peripheral Neuropathy causes, symptoms, treatments in Plano, Dallas, Prosper & Allen, TX

Peripheral Neuropathy causes, symptoms, treatments in Plano, Dallas, Prosper & Allen, TX

Posted On: September 8, 2020

Peripheral Neuropathy causes, symptoms, treatments in Dallas & Plano is the damage or malfunction of the peripheral nerves. This is a situation whereby the nerves can no longer function normally as a result of damage or injury to the peripheral nerves.

The peripheral nerves are the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord that transmit pain signals and information throughout your body to the brain. It also sends information from your brain and spinal cord to the other parts of your body.

The peripheral nervous system connects the nerves from your brain and spinal cord, or central nervous system, to the other parts of your body. The peripheral nervous system also sends sensory information to the central nervous system.

When a peripheral nerve or group of nerves gets damaged, it often causes pain, numbness, weakness, or tingling. The usual functionalities of the nerves are disrupted due to the damage of the nerves. The damage of the nerves might cause you to feel pain even when there is nothing causing pain or prevent you from feeling pains because it is no longer sending pain signals even if something is harming you.peripheral nervous

Peripheral neuropathy usually affects the hands and feet, though it can also affect other parts of the body.

Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy

Each nerve in the peripheral nervous system performs specific functions. The symptoms that you will experience depend on the type of nerve that is damaged or affected. The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy that you may experience include:

  • Tingling in the hands or feet
  • Feeling like you are putting on a tight glove or sock
  • Sharp, stabbing, or burning pain
  • Numbness in the hands or feet
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch
  • Feeling of pain when engaged in activities that normally shouldn’t cause pain
  • Weak and heavy feeling in the arms and legs
  • Lack of coordination and balance causing you to fall
  • Regularly dropping things from your hands
  • Buzzing or shocking sensation
  • Thinning of the skin
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Sexual dysfunction, especially in men
  • Constipation
  • Digestive difficulty
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive sweating
  • Muscle weakness
  • Heat intolerance
  • Excessive sweating or not being able to sweat
  • Bowel, bladder or digestive problems
  • Changes in blood pressure
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness.

Causes of peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is caused by a number of conditions. The conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy include:

Autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Guillain-Barre syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, and vasculitis affect the peripheral nervous system in various ways. Chronic inflammation and damage to tissues, as well as pressure caused by inflammation, can all lead to severe nerve pain.

Bone marrow disorders

Bone marrow disorders such as an abnormal protein in the blood (monoclonal gammopathies), a form of bone cancer (myeloma), lymphoma, and the rare disease amyloidosis can affect the nerves and cause neuropathy.

Other diseases

Some other types of diseases such as kidney disease, liver disease, connective tissue disorders, and an underactive thyroid can cause nerve damages.

Alcoholism

Alcohol can have a toxic effect on nerve tissues. Alcoholism can lead to vitamin deficiencies. People who take excess alcohol are at a higher risk of peripheral neuropathy.

Toxic chemicals

Exposure to toxic chemicals like glue, solvents, or insecticides can also cause nerve damage. Exposure to heavy metals such as lead and mercury can also cause nerve damage.

Diabetes

Most people with diabetes develop some type of neuropathy. Diabetes is one of the most common causes of nerve damages

Infections

Certain bacteria and viruses directly attack the nerve tissues in the body. These include Lyme disease, shingles, Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis B and C, leprosy, diphtheria, and HIV.

Inherited disorders

People with a family history of neuropathy are likely to develop the disorder.

Tumors

Cancerous and noncancerous growths can develop on the nerves. Polyneuropathy can arise as a result of some cancers related to the body’s immune response.

Exposure to poisons

Exposure to poisonous substances and chemicals can cause peripheral neuropathy.

Medications

Certain medications such as anticonvulsants, drugs for bacterial infections, medications for cancer treatment, and some blood pressure medications can cause peripheral neuropathy.

Injury or trauma

Injury or trauma from motor vehicle accidents, fractures, falls or sports injuries are some common causes of nerve damages.

Inactivity

Holding still in a position for too long or inactivity can cause neuropathy.

Increased pressure

Increased pressure on the median nerves can lead to peripheral neuropathy.

Vitamin deficiencies

When the body lacks B vitamins such as B-1, B-6 and B-12, vitamin E, and niacin, it could lead to peripheral neuropathy.

Diagnosis

There are several ways your doctor will diagnose peripheral neuropathy. First, he or she will conduct a physical examination and take your medical history. Your doctor may conductor a neurological examination to check your tendon reflexes, muscle strength, and the ability to feel certain sensations.peripheral nervous

Other additional tests that may be conducted include:

  • Blood tests to check for vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, abnormal immune function, and other indications of conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy.
  • Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT, or MRI scans can look for herniated disks, tumors, or other abnormalities.
  • Nerve function tests such as Electromyography (EMG) are used to records electrical activity in your muscles to detect nerve damage.
  • Sweat test to measure your body’s ability to sweat.
  • Sensory tests to measure how you feel touch, vibration, pain, and other sensory issues.
  • Nerve biopsy involves the removal of a small portion of a nerve to look for any abnormalities.
  • Skin biopsy to look for a reduction in nerve endings.

Treatment of peripheral neuropathy

There are several treatments method used to treat peripheral neuropathy. These include:

Self-care

Some people have been able to find relief from peripheral neuropathy pains. Regular exercises, massage, meditation, and yoga can help relieve nerve pains.

Pain relievers

Over-the-counter pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can help to relieve mild symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. Medications containing opioids, such as tramadol or oxycodone can be prescribed when other treatments fail.

Anti-seizure medications

Medications such as gabapentin and pregabalin may be used to relieve nerve pain. You need to follow your doctor’s prescription when using these anti-seizure medications because they can cause drowsiness and dizziness.

Topical treatments

Capsaicin cream can cause some improvements in peripheral neuropathy. Apply lidocaine patches to your skin can help relieve pain. There are some side effects that may occur when using these topical creams and patches such as intolerance, numbness, dizziness, and drowsiness.

Antidepressants

Certain tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, doxepin, and nortriptyline, have been found to help relieve peripheral neuropathy. Serotonin and norepinephrine, duloxetine, venlafaxine might ease the pain of peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

When electrodes are placed on the skin, they deliver a gentle electric current at varying frequencies. TENS helps to stimulate the nerve and also helps to suppress the activities of the immune system. Undergoing TENS for 30 minutes every day for about a month can help relieve peripheral neuropathy symptoms.

Plasma exchange

This involves taking out some amount of blood from the body and placing the blood in a centrifuge. Antibodies and protein-rich blood is extracted and then injected back into the body. The high level of proteins works as antibodies. This procedure helps to suppress the immune system activity.

Physical therapy

Muscle weakness is one of the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. Engaging in physical therapies and exercises can help improve muscle weakness and increase body movements.

Surgery

Surgery is needed for neuropathies caused by pressure on nerves. The surgery may be used to remove the tumors that cause pressure on the nerves.

Alternative treatments

Some alternative treatments have shown some promising improvements for peripheral neuropathy. These include:

Acupuncture

This is a therapy whereby thin needles are inserted into various parts of the body to help relieve symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.

Herbs

Certain herbs may help to relieve or reduce neuropathy pain in individuals with diabetes. Talk with your doctor to know the right herb for you.

Amino acids

Amino acids such as acetyl-L-carnitine may help improve the condition of individuals with diabetes and who have undergone chemotherapy.

Alpha-lipoic-acid

Alpha-lipoic-acid has shown promising improvements for people with peripheral neuropathy. Discuss with your doctor before using it as it can cause some side effects.

Prevention of peripheral neuropathy

To prevent peripheral neuropathy, there are certain things you should do.

These include:

Eating healthy diets

Eating healthy diets is very important to ensure that you have the essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins that your body needs to function properly. Eat diets that include fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains.

Exercise

Engaging in regular exercise helps to relieve neuropathy pain, control blood sugar levels, and increase muscle strength.

Taking care of your feet

Always take care of your feet and keep to personal hygiene, especially if you have diabetes.

Avoid excessive alcohol

Excessive intake of alcohol is one of the causes of peripheral neuropathy. Avoid excessive drinking of alcohol.

Monitor your blood sugar levels

High blood sugar levels can cause peripheral neuropathy. Diabetes is one of the results of high blood sugar levels. Always keep your blood sugar levels under control.

Avoid smoking

Smoking can affect your circulation. Avoid smoking to improve circulation and relieve neuropathy symptoms.

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