Wound Care

Ingrown toenail stages and treatment options in Plano, Dallas, Prosper & Allen, TX

Ingrown toenail stages and treatment options in Plano, Dallas, Prosper & Allen, TX

Posted On: May 1, 2020

Ingrown toenail stages and treatment

Ingrown toenail stages and treatment options | Dallas & Plano is a condition that occurs when the edge of the toenail grows into the skin. Ingrown toenail mostly affects the big toe. The edge of the big toenail grows into the skin.

According to reports by the National Foot Health Assessment conducted in 2012 for the Institute for Preventive Foot Health, about 18 percent (40 million people) of U.S. adults from the age of 21 and above have experienced ingrown toenail at a point in their lives.Ingrown toenail stages and treatment

One of the most common causes of feet pain is ingrown toenails. Ingrown toenail is not a severe condition if treated on time. It becomes severe when not timely treated and could get infected. You have a higher risk of complications if you have diabetes or other conditions causing poor circulation. 

Stages of ingrown toenails

There are three stages of ingrown toenails. These include:

Stage 1:

In stage 1, there is mild erythema, edema and pain at the lateral nail fold with pressure.

Stage 2:

In stage 2, there is significant erythema, edema, and discharge from the edge of the nail. You will also see signs of bacteria infection.

Stage 3:

In stage 3, there is granulation tissue formation and hypertrophy of the lateral wall.

Causes of ingrown toenails

According to the National Health Services, people with sweaty feet have higher risks of having ingrown toenails. Older people with thicken toenails may also be at higher risk of having ingrown toenails.

Ingrown toenails can be caused by different factors and lifestyle. These include:

Incorrect cutting of toenails

Incorrect cutting of the toenails can cause ingrown. Angling the sides of the nail can encourage the nails to grow into the skin. You should cut your nails straight across.

Irregular and curved toenails

Some toenails that are curved and irregular in shape can grow into the skin.

Tightly-fitted footwear

Wearing very tight footwear places a lot of pressure on the big toes, causing the toenail to grow into the skin. Footwears that are narrow don’t allow enough space for the big toe.

Toenail injury

Toenail injuries such as dropping a heavy object on your foot, kicking a ball repeatedly, hitting your toe against a hard object, can all lead to ingrown toenails.

Improper foot hygiene

Not keeping your feet very clean and dry can also increase your risk of ingrown toenail. Not cutting your toenails on time may also lead to ingrown.

Athletic activities

Engaging in frequent athletic activities that put pressure on your feet and toes can increase your risk of ingrown toenail.

Genetic predisposition

Ingrown toenails can be inherited genetically. If your parents or a member of your family has ingrown, you’re at a higher risk of getting ingrown.

Symptoms of ingrown toenails

Ingrown toenail stages and treatment | Dallas & Plano can be painful if not timely managed or treated. They can also get worse and even get infected if not treated at early stage. The symptoms you will experience at the early stages are quite different from the symptoms of later stages.

Causes of ingrown toenails

Symptoms of early stage of ingrown toenail include:

  • The skin next to the ingrown nail become tender, swollen, or hard
  • Feeling of pain when pressure is placed on the toe
  • Build up of fluid in the skin around the ingrown toenail

Symptoms of later stage include:

  • Red and swollen skin
  • Increased pain
  • Bleeding around the ingrown
  • Oozing pus in the skin around the ingrown
  • Overgrowth of skin, causing hard skin around the toe
  • Scaly skin around the toe

Diagnosis of ingrown toenails

A podiatrist is the medical specialist most qualified and experienced for the diagnosis and treatment of ingrown toenails. During diagnosis, your podiatrist may conduct some physical exams and ask you some questions about your feet hygiene. Your podiatrist may recommend an X-ray if your toe seems infected. This will help your podiatrist to know how deep the nail has grown into the skin.