Wound Care

Corn Removal: What Are Your Options?

Corn Removal: What Are Your Options?

Posted On: November 21, 2022

Foot corns, hardened layers of skin that develop as a response to friction and pressure on the skin, are a common foot complaint.

A survey by the American Podiatric Medical Association found that 75% of adults in the United States have had some issue with their feet, including corns and calluses. Corns are most common among people aged 50 years and old, though they can affect people of any age.

If you suffer from corns or calluses, this blog post is for you. Here, we will highlight everything you need to know about causes, symptoms, corn removal and prevention steps, and more. If you suffer from corn, your premier choice for effective treatment in North Texas is Graff Foot, Ankle, and Wound Care.

What Are Corns?

Corns are a buildup of thick, hard areas of skin. They develop from repeated rubbing, friction, or irritation on the skin. Corns and calluses can form anywhere on the body, though they usually form on the feet as well as the hands and fingers.

There are different types of corns. These include:

  • Hard corns
  • Soft corns
  • Seed corns

Hard corns are the most common type of corn. They are small, concentrated areas of hard skin often found within a larger area of thickened skin. They typically form on the tops of toes.

Soft corns are grey or whitish in appearance and rubbery in texture. They typically appear between toes. Seed corns usually form on the bottom of feet and are smaller in size.

While corns are not considered dangerous, they can cause irritation (they also may be painful). In comparison to corns, calluses are larger and have a more irregular shape.

What Are the Causes of Corns?

Both corns and calluses have many similar causes. They include:

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes
  • Walking, running, or standing for long periods of time
  • Frequently going barefoot
  • Sports activities or physical hobbies that put pressure on the feet
  • Not wearing socks with footwear
  • Walking with improper posture
  • Structural foot deformities

To give an example, women who wear high heels are prone to calluses on the balls of their feet (as a result of the downward pressure on this area while walking).

What Are the Symptoms of Corns?

The specific symptoms of corns depend on the type of corn that a person has (whether hard, soft, or seed corns). Some of the most common symptoms of corns include:

  • Hardened areas of skin from repeated pressure or friction on the skin
  • Small, round bump of hardened skin surrounded by irritated skin
  • Reduced sensitivity to touch compared to surrounding skin (most typically associated with calluses)
  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Blisters

Corns are diagnosed with a simple visual exam of the skin. Your doctor may ask you about the nature of your job and the activities that you participate in (i.e. how much time you spend on your feet). A doctor may also check your posture, your footwear preferences, and how you take care of your feet.

How to Get Rid of Corns

There are a number of steps that you can take to get rid of corn at home. If these DIY steps are not successful, it is possible to have a corn professionally removed by a podiatrist. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary if the corn is persistent and restricts your daily activities.

Below is a common at-home treatment routine to remove the buildup of skin.

  1. Soak the affected area in warm water for 10 minutes (until the skin softens)
  2. Wet an emery board or pumice stone
  3. Gently move the emery board or pumice stone across the corn (while the skin is still soft) to remove dead tissue. Move the board or stone in one direction and continue to file down the corn (avoid removing too much skin as this can lead to bleeding and an infection)
  4. Apply a lotion or moisturizing cream to the corn every day (products that contain salicylic acid, urea, or ammonium lactate are recommended)

Castor oil and corn pads are another at-home treatment option if you prefer not to file away a corn. A podiatrist will use a surgical blade to scrape corns. If you have any doubts about how to effectively treat corns or calluses, don’t hesitate to speak to our friendly and professional team.

How to Prevent Corns

People often overlook their feet when it comes to self-care. However, with attention and care, most cases of corns can be prevented. Some tips to care for your feet include:

  • Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit well
  • Always wear socks with your footwear
  • Used padded or cushioned insoles
  • Inspect your feet often and keep them clean
  • Avoid walking barefoot
  • Keep your toenails trimmed

If the root cause of corns has not been fixed (such as ill-fitting shoes), corns are likely to return.

Understanding Your Options With Corn Removal

With effective at-home treatment, the appearance of corns can be lessened within just a couple of weeks. Within a month, they may be completely gone. Remember, that unless the cause of corns is addressed, they are liable to return again in the future.

For professional corn removal in Texas, choose Graff Foot, Ankle, and Wound Care. We have offices in Plano, Dallas, Prosper, Allen, Irving, Garland, Frisco, and Coppell.

Speak to our team members today to learn about your options for permanent corn removal and treatment. Click here to get in touch with our foot, ankle, and wound care specialists.