Ankle Pain, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment in Dallas, Plano & Prosper Tx
Ankle pain can be a result of injury. When the ankle is twisted or turned in an awkward manner and the ligaments are forced to move beyond their normal range of movement.
Ankle pain may also be a result of several different types of conditions. Injuries of the ankle bones, tendons and ligaments can cause ankle pain. Several different types of arthritis can lead to ankle pain.
Causes of Ankle pain
Ankle pain can be caused by injury and several other conditions. People who engage in sports such as football, running, jogging, are at higher risk of sustaining an ankle injury. Though ankle injuries are common causes of ankle pain, there are several other medical conditions that may cause ankle pain. These include:
- Achilles tendinitis
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Avulsion fracture
- Broken foot
- Osteochondritis dissecans
- Plantar fasciitis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Reactive arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- Sprained ankle
- Stress fractures
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Symptoms of Ankle pain
- Instability of the ankle
- Abnormal or restricted movement
- Looseness of the joint
Your Wound doctor will review your medical history and conduct a physical examination to ascertain the cause of the pain. If the pain was caused by an injury, you may be asked to stand or walk around the room to enable your doctor to determine the extent of damage.
If the pain is caused by arthritis or other medical condition, your doctor may conduct imaging scans such as X-ray to ascertain the severity of the condition.
The treatment of ankle pain depends on the cause and severity of the pain. Mild ankle pain can be treated using home remedies while severe ankle pain requires professional medical treatments.
If you have a mild ankle injury or pain, you can simply treat yourself at home without having to go to the clinic. You can use the R.I.C.E approach for treatment.
- Rest. You should always take some rest and avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. Also, limit the amount of walking and weight-bearing on the injured ankle.
- Ice. Apply ice pack on the pain area for 15 to 20 minutes and repeat it every two to three hours while you’re awake. It is not advisable to apply ice packs directly to the skin. Wrap the ice pack in a towel before placing it on the ankle. Talk with your doctor first before applying ice if you have vascular disease, diabetes or decreased sensation.
- Compression. Compress the ankle with an elastic bandage until the swelling stops. Be careful when compressing the ankle so as not to compress too tightly as this can hinder circulation.
- Elevation. Elevate your ankle above the level of your heart, especially at night to reduce swelling. Gravity helps reduce swelling by draining excess fluid.
In most cases, over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) are enough to relieve the pain. In case of swelling or inflammation, anti-inflammatory medications can be given to reduce it.
You may need to use supports to decrease the weight applied to the ankle. This will help to relieve pain and promote quick healing. Your primary care physician may prescribe using an elastic bandage, sports tape or ankle support to stabilize the ankle. If you have a severe sprain, a cast or walking boot might be important to immobilize the lower leg while the ligament heals.
When pain is reduced enough to continue movement, you may be required to commence exercises or physical activities in order to restore your ankle’s range of motion, flexibility, strength and stability. Your primary care physician or a physical therapist will suggest the best and most appropriate exercises and physical activities that you should do.
Stability and balance training are particularly essential to retrain the ankle muscles to effectively support the joint and to help forestall repetitive sprains.
In case you sprained your ankle while practicing or taking an interest in a game, talk with your primary care physician about when you can resume your sport. Your physician may need you to perform specific actions and movement tests to decide how well your ankle functions. Physical therapy programs are part of the recovery process and incorporating strengthening exercises of the ankle.
Surgery is required in rare cases when the ankle is not responding to other conservative treatment options. When the condition causing the pain is critical, surgical procedures may be required. Surgery may be performed to repair a ligament that won’t heal or reconstruct a ligament.
Fractures are repaired with casting to immobilize the bone to promote healing. Depending on the severity, fractures can require orthopedic casting or surgical procedures such as pinning and open repair of the fractured bone.
A car accident can lead to severe ankle injury. Dislocation of the ankle joint can occur. Ankle dislocation is a serious injury, a complete damage and disruption of the ligaments that support the ankle joints. An ankle dislocation generally requires a surgical repair.
Ankle injury can be prevented by ensuring that the ankle is safe. Sports activities and accidental trauma are common causes of ankle injuries. To prevent ankle injuries and pain;
- Avoid sports activities that have higher tendencies of causing injury to your ankle.
- Always follow proper sport instructions and physical training to avoid or minimize the risk of sustaining an ankle injury or pain.
- Use ankle bracings and supports to shield your ankle from sustaining injury.
- Engage in flexibility exercises to strengthen the ankle.
- Avoid high-impact exercises that cause strain to the ankle.
- Wear good support shoes and socks to shield the ankle from external objects.
- Avoid engaging in physical activities with increased risk of sustaining ankle injury.
- If you have arthritis or any other medical condition, follow your doctor’s advice to prevent sustaining a severe ankle pain.
Book an appointment for Ankle pain treatment
Ankle Pain & Treatment Frequently Asked Questions
- How to relieve ankle pain?
- What causes ankle pain?
- Will glucosamine help ankle arthritis pain?
- How long does the pain last after ankle surgery?
- How to fix ankle pain
- How to stop ankle pain from coming again
- Can plantar fasciitis cause ankle pain?
- Can sciatica cause ankle pain?
- How to get rid of ankle pain
- How long does a sprained ankle take to heal?
- How to treat a sprained ankle
- What to do for a sprained ankle?
- How to heal a sprained ankle overnight
- What is a sprained ankle?
- What is a high ankle sprain?
- How long does it take for a sprained ankle to heal?
How to relieve ankle pain
There are different ways you can relieve ankle pain. These include:
- Resting and taking off pressure on the ankle. You can do this by sitting or lying down. If you want to walk, you can use crutches to reduce your body weight on the ankle.
- Applying ice on the ankle for about 20 minutes can help reduce swelling and numb the pain.
- Elevating your legs above your chest can also help relieve ankle pain.
- Using compression stockings or bandage can help tighten your ankle to relieve pain
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help relieve pain
- Applying topical ointments for pain can also help relieve ankle pain
- Ankle braces and orthopedic shoe inserts help to realign your ankle joints and relieve pain
- Corticosteroid injections can help reduce pain and inflammation.
What causes ankle pain?
An ankle sprain is the common cause of ankle pain. This occurs when the ankle twists or turns awkwardly. When a sprain occurs, the ligaments that hold the ankle together could get ruptured or torn.
Other causes of ankle pain include arthritis, gout, nerve damage or injury, blocked blood vessels, infection in the ankle joint
Will glucosamine help ankle arthritis pain?
Some studies have shown that glucosamine may be effective for arthritis treatment. Scientists believe that the naturally occurring glucosamine helps to protect the cartilage inside the ankle joints. Also, studies of the sulfate preparation of glucosamine show that it does help to relieve arthritis pain.
How long does pain last after ankle surgery?
After ankle surgery, patients felt the most severe pain three days after the surgery and the least severe pain six weeks after the surgery. Most patients feel no pain six weeks after ankle surgery.
How to stop ankle pain from coming again
Stopping ankle pain from coming again means staying away from activities or sports with a higher risk of ankle sprain. After you have successfully treated your ankle pain and feel total relief, ensure you don’t do things that will sprain your ankle. Be careful when walking, jogging, or running. Wear comfortable shoes with good padding and insoles. Don’t exert too much pressure on your ankle.
Can plantar fasciitis cause ankle pain?
Yes, if swollen plantar fascia irritated a nerve in your foot, the pain may radiate up into your ankle.
Can sciatica cause ankle pain?
Yes, Sciatica is pain in your lower back which can radiate down one or both of your legs into your thigh, calf, down to your ankle, and foot.
How to get rid of ankle pain
Depending on the severity, you can get rid of ankle pain by applying ice, resting, elevating your leg, using compression stockings or bandages, using ankle braces, taking OTC pain medications, applying topical ointments for pain, or injecting corticosteroids into the pain area.
How long does a sprained ankle take to heal?
The severity of a sprained ankle will determine when it will heal. Mild or grade 1 ankle sprain with minimal stretching or no tearing usually heals in one to three weeks. A moderate or grade 2 ankle sprain with partial tearing usually takes between three and six weeks to heal while a severe or grade 3 ankle sprain with full tear or rupture usually takes between three and six months to heal.
How to treat a sprained ankle
The severity of the sprained ankle will determine the treatment. Mild sprained ankle can simply be treated with home remedies such as applying ice, resting, elevating your legs and using compression stockings or bandages.
A moderate ankle sprain can be treated by taking over-the-counter pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and injecting corticosteroids into the ankle tissue.
More severe ankle sprain may require ankle braces, special therapies and exercises to help strengthen the ankle, deep massaging, and ankle surgery.
How to heal a sprained ankle overnight
It may not be possible to heal ankle sprain overnight but you can increase your recovery by resting, applying ice for about 20 minutes, using compression stockings or bandages, and elevating your leg above your chest. You can also take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve the pain. Corticosteroid injections can also help provide immediate pain relief.
What is a sprained ankle?
A sprained ankle occurs when you roll, twist, or turn your ankle in an awkward manner. Turning, twisting, or rolling your ankle in an awkward manner can stretch or tear the ligaments that help hold your ankle bones together. When the ligaments are stretched beyond their normal range of motion, they may tear.
What is a high ankle sprain?
A high ankle sprain is stretching, rupture, or tear of the ligaments that are located above the ankle joint and between the tibia and fibula. High ankle sprain does not occur as often as the low ankle sprain.
How long does it take to recover from a high ankle sprain?
How long it takes to recover depends on how badly the soft tissue was injured and if there is any bone damage. You could recover from a high ankle sprain from anywhere between six weeks to three months or more.